History of Shorin-Ryu karate
Lineage of Okinawan Shorin-Ryu Karate:
|These three styles evolved into the following variations|
( Style taught by OBI Karate School )
- Sakugawa Kanga "Tode Sakugawa" ( 1733 - 1815)
- Style: Tode
- Matsumura Sokon (Refered to as the Miyamoto Musashi of Okinawa)
- Anko Itosu ( 1831-1915)
- Named the style Shuri-te
- Chosin Chibana (1885 - 1969)
- Renamed Shuri-Te to Shorin-Ryu to distinguish it from other styles.
Shorin-Ryu also means Shaolin
- Nakazato Shugoro (born August 14, 1919 to present)
Sakugawa Kanga known by many in Okinawa as Tod Sakugawa was the student of Peichin Takahara who was an Okinawan monk. Tode Sakugawa trained under Takahara for about 6 years. Sakugawa then under Kusanku after the urging of Peichin, Kusanku was a Chinese master of Ch'uan Fa. After another 6 years he became an expert and earned the nickname of "Tode" Sakugawa (Sakugawa "Chinese Hand" ). Sakugawa most infamous student was Matsumura Sokon Chosin Chibana called the style Shorin-ryu mainly to distinguish it from the other styles that were being modified from the original teachings of Anko Itoso. Shorin-Ryu is one of the major modern Okinawan martial arts and is one of the oldest styles of karate.
Shorin-Ryu karate traces it self to Shuri-Te which in turn Shuri-Te traces its origin to "Te". In the beginning Te was the primary open handed system in Okinawa and eventually TE branched off into Naha-Te ( Shorei-Ryu), Shuri-Te ( Shorin-Ryu) and Tomari. From Naha-Te comes the styles Goju-Ryu and Uechi-Ryu and from Shuri-Te comes Kobayashi-Ryu, Matsubashi-Ryu, Shobayashi-Ryu adn Matsaumura Orthodox
Karate began as a common fighting system known as te (Okinawan: ti) among the Pechin class of the Ryukyuans. After trade relationships were established with the Ming dynasty of China by King Satto of Chūzan in 1372, some forms of Chinese martial arts were introduced to the Ryukyu Islands by the visitors from China, particularly Fujian Province. A large group of Chinese families moved to Okinawa around 1392 for the purpose of cultural exchange, where they established the community of Kumemura and shared their knowledge of a wide variety of Chinese arts and sciences, including the Chinese martial arts. The political centralization of Okinawa by King Shō Hashi in 1429 and the policy of banning weapons, enforced in Okinawa after the invasion of the Shimazu clan in 1609, are also factors that furthered the development of unarmed combat techniques in Okinawa.
There were few formal styles of te, but rather many practitioners with their own methods. One surviving example is the Motobu-ryū school passed down from the Motobu family by Seikichi Uehara. Early styles of karate are often generalized as Shuri-te, Naha-te, and Tomari-te, named after the three cities from which they emerged. Each area and its teachers had particular kata, techniques, and principles that distinguished their local version of te from the others
Sakukawa Kanga (1782–1838) had studied pugilism and staff (bo) fighting in China (according to one legend, under the guidance of Kosokun, originator of kusanku kata). In 1806 he started teaching a fighting art in the city of Shuri that he called "Tudi Sakukawa," which meant "Sakukawa of China Hand." This was the first known recorded reference to the art of "Tudi," written as 唐手. Around the 1820s Sakukawa's most significant student Matsumura Sōkon (1809–1899) taught a synthesis of te (Shuri-te and Tomari-te) and Shaolin (Chinese 少林) styles. Matsumura's style would later become the Shōrin-ryū style.
The above is from Wikipedia
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